The Town of Jupiter Island is situated on a barrier island on the south end of Martin County. The Town consists of approximately 1,643 acres of land bound on the east by nine miles of ocean frontage and on the west by the Intracoastal Waterway. The Town's permanent population is 820 with a seasonal population of approximately 2,000.
The Town was established by the Florida Legislature in 1953. The climate and environmental resources of Jupiter Island have contributed to the development of a high-quality, low-density residential community that seeks to preserve natural resources to the maximum extent possible. The primary land uses in the Town are single-family residential development in secluded estates and homes and conservation/preservation. The few commercial land uses within the Town exist primarily to serve residents. The remaining vacant land is designated for single-family residential, recreational, and conservation uses.
The Town utilizes a Town Commission/Manager form of government. The Town is governed by a five-member Commission elected for four-year overlapping terms. The Commission elects its Mayor and Vice Mayor and appoints a Town Manager, Town Attorney, and other employees to provide for the proper operation of the Town. A total of 68 regular and 10 part-time employees carry out the functions of Public Safety, Public Works, Building and Zoning, Finance, and Administration, and the South Martin Regional Utility (SMRU). SMRU provides water and wastewater services on Jupiter Island and the Hobe Sound mainland.
The Town residents are very public service-oriented. Almost 70 residents serve on the many boards and committees that help make the Town run successfully. Residents are also active outside the Town to help with various programs of community and civic interest.
The Town follows the procedures set forth in Chapters 166 and 200 of the Florida Statutes in establishing its budgetary data.
The ad valorem tax or "property tax" is a major revenue source for the financing of budgets to meet the Town's needs. Each year, the Martin County Property Appraiser determines the total value of each parcel of property based on its fair market value. There are 705 taxable parcels within the Town. The Town's 2011 taxable value established by the Martin County Property Appraiser is $1,949,260,133.